Four focus group conversations (FGDs) were held from the exact same-sex interviewers when preparing to your in-depth interviews (we

Four focus group conversations (FGDs) were held from the exact same-sex interviewers when preparing to your in-depth interviews (we


We held 150 in-depth interviews with teenagers old fifteen-20 into the Kisumu, held 4 FGDs, and you may performed 48 observations at the places where youthfulness invest their totally free time. Brand new Institute of Exotic Drug within the Antwerp, Belgium, and Moral Opinion Board for the Kisumu approved this study.

To the for the-depth interviews, a comfort try out-of 75 boys and 75 girls aged fifteen-20 years was in fact interviewed during the its house. Utilizing the sampling framework of your multicentre investigation, quota testing was applied to make sure assortment within the many years, socio economic position (SES) from house, and you will education . A great qualitative interview guide was made for the English and interpreted into the Swahili and Luo. Trained fieldworkers pre-checked the fresh guide inside teams nearby the analysis internet. Brand new interviews happened inside the Luo, Swahili otherwise English of the same-sex interviewers, and you will tape-recorded; they got regarding 45 moments to a single hours. Ahead of the in-breadth interviews, verbal informed consent/assent are obtained from every teenagers, including adult concur to own minors.

e. with in-college or university men, in-college or university lady, out-of-university men, out-of-university women). A topic guide was used, which had been pre-checked out to own face and create legitimacy. The fresh new FGDs generally focused on youth’s thinking, exposure effect and you may socio-social norms regarding sexuality. Per FGD had 8 in order to twelve professionals aged fifteen-20, and also the conversations got regarding the you to and half hour.

We made forty eight findings from more youthful man’s behavior in the areas where teens spend the free time ‘hanging around’, instance clubs/bars, video places, shopping malls, local make dens, and you will funerals. We looked for permission in the individuals in control and you may made sure confidentiality of all of the compiled suggestions. Industry gurus made an effort to rating an inside look at truth without any participants’ knowledge that they was indeed getting seen. Quick notes was removed inside the 2-to-step three hour findings when possible, and you can in depth notes was gathered afterwards discussing brand new real means, the actions happening, socio-class out of professionals (projected ages, gender), as well as their verbal and low spoken conduct.

New tunes-recorded interviews and you will FGDs was basically transcribed verbatim and you may interpreted for the English where needed . Studies research of your inside the-depth interview, FGDs and findings followed grounded principle prices, which enables analytical themes so you can emerge into the process of (re)training transcripts and you may examining and programming solutions . This approach is dependant on inductive study and you can includes cautiously reading/rereading interview and findings, investigating and you can coding responses, and allowing the new templates, factors and questions so you’re able to appear in the processes. Having fun with ATLAS.ti 4.step one, a good qualitative investigation analysis software application, the original and you can 3rd publisher coded the fresh transcripts, categorizing the info towards layouts, and known new features and size of templates and you may subthemes. The second themes per high-risk sexual behaviour emerged about interview, FGDs and observations and tend to be talked about below: young age in the beginning sex, large years difference having male couples, multiple/concurrent partnerships, porn movies reveals, pressed sex, reduced condom play with, local brew/alcohol play with and you will transactional sex. Where prices are used regarding Show section, they are in the within the-breadth interview unless of course shown if you don’t.


Of your 150 questioned teenagers, 55% were probably university (18 primary and you can 64 secondary school) while forty five% had been aside-of-school teens (51 was indeed underemployed and you may 17 were involved in short mini-firm people, when you look at the residential service, otherwise just like the bike cab operators). More 85% regarding teenagers was created when you look at the Kisumu or had resided here for a decade or even more. The common period of teenagers interviewed in the analysis try 17.5 certainly boys and you will 17.0 among girls.

Of one’s youth questioned, 79% away from boys and 44% out-of girls claimed it ever endured got sex. Of them, 37% out-of boys () and you can 59% of girls () had the first sexual intercourse on ages fifteen otherwise more youthful. A 15-year-old girl regarding a minimal-SES area mentioned: “Of this type away from ours, of several girls. become pregnant while they are very more youthful due to carrying out sexual relationship very early, maybe such my decades, you will find you have an excellent boyfriend and soon after toward she is generated pregnant right after which this woman is kept that’s not a.”